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The History of ECCAI


The European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence (ECCAI) was formally established on July 14, 1982, during the Constitutional Meeting held at the University of Paris-Sud, Campus d'Orsay, in France. (At that time, the name included Co-ordinating rather than Coordinating.) During the AISB-80 Conference in Amsterdam, Dennis de Champeaux agreed to act as coordinator to explore the possibility of setting up ECCAI. The initiative came especially from AISB and GI.

Founding organisations were AISB, GI, AFCET, AICA, ARC, NVKI, and ÖGAI; very soon SAIS, BAAI, DAIS, APPIA, NJSZT and YUGAI had also joined. (AICA was later dismantled; AIIA took its place in 1988.)

The first Board of ECCAI, elected in Orsay, consisted of Wolfgang Bibel (Chair), Yves Kodratoff (Vice-Chair) and Stefano Cerri (Secretary); it seems that no treasurer was deemed necessary.

European Conferences on AI (ECAI)

Retrospectively, four conferences organised by AISB (with the help from other organisations) were relabelled European Conferences on AI. With that relabelling, the list of European Conferences is:
  1. 1974 Brighton
  2. 1976 Edinburgh
  3. 1978 Hamburg
  4. 1980 Amsterdam
  5. 1982 Paris
  6. 1984 Pisa
  7. 1986 Brighton
  8. 1988 München
  9. 1990 Stockholm
  10. 1992 Wien
  11. 1994 Amsterdam
  12. 1996 Budapest
  13. 1998 Brighton
  14. 2000 Berlin
  15. 2002 Lyon
  16. 2004 Valencia
  17. 2006 Trentino
  18. 2008 Patras
  19. 2010 Lisbon
  20. 2012 Montpellier

Advanced Courses on AI (ACAI)

In the summer of odd-numbered years, ECCAI sponsors a specialized course in Artificial Intelligence, called Advanced Course on AI (ACAI). So far, the following courses have been held:
  1. 1985 Vignieu, France
  2. 1987 Oslo, Norway
  3. 1989 Lugano, Switzerland
  4. 1991 Bilbao, Spain
  5. 1993 Capri, Italy
  6. 1995 Perros-Guirec, France
  7. 1997 Vilnius, Lithuania
  8. 1999 Chania, Greek Islands
  9. 2001 Prague, Czech Republic
  10. 2003 Bremen, Germany
  11. 2005 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  12. 2007 Leuven, Belgium
  13. 2009 Belfast, Northern Ireland
  14. 2011 Freiburg, Germany


Every two years, at the general assembly meeting held during the ECAI conference, a board of directors is elected. Board members serve a two year term and are eligible for reelection twice. Former ECCAI chairs are:
  • 1982-1986 Wolfgang Bibel (Germany)
  • 1986-1988 Girard Guiho (France)
  • 1988-1990 Margaret King (Switzerland)
  • 1990-1992 Anthony G. Cohn (United Kingdom)
  • 1992-1994 Oliviero Stock (Italy)
  • 1994-1995 Jean-Pierre Laurent (France)
  • 1995-1996 Nicolaas J.I. Mars (The Netherlands)
  • 1996-2000 Wolfgang Wahlster (Germany)
  • 2004-2008 Werner Horn (Austria)
  • 2008-2012 Gerhard Brewka (Germany)

ECCAI Secretariat

In January 1988, a technical secretariat (located at IRST, Trento, Italy) was instituted to maintain contact between member organizations and the board of directors and to serve as a source of information for members. This position was held by Susan Struthers from IRST (Istituto per la Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica), in Povo, Trento, Italy until 1995.
In 1995, this situation was changed to a rotating secretariat that moves with the Chair of the ECCAI Board. From July 1995 until September 1996, this position was held by Els van der Heijden from the University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

From October 1996 until September 2000, the ECCAI Secretariat moved with the Chair to the German Research Center for AI (DFKI). The Position was held by Sigrid Herzog from DFKI.
Last update: 05-Nov-2012
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